God's Sword of Truth - The Word
COVENANT IS AN AGREEMENT.... (Webster's Dictionary...."the promises made by God to man, as set forth in Scriptures").
Covenant between God and Man .. Adam Genesis 2:16-17 ALL
Noah Genesis 9:1-17 Abraham Genesis 15:18 Isaac Genesis 26:3-5 Jacob Genesis 28:13-22 Israel Exodus 19:5 Levi Malachi 2: 4-10 Phinehas Numbers 25:12,13 David Psalms 89:3, 28, 34
The Old (Sinaitic) Covenant
.. Instituted at Sinai Exodus 19:5 JEWISH HISTORY Ratified by Sacrifice Exodus 24:6-8 & Hebrew 9:16 JEWISH HISTORY Does not annul the Abrahamic Covenant Galatians 3:16-18
Designed to lead to Christ Galatians 3:17-25
Consists of Outward Rites Hebrews 9:1-13
Sealed in Circumcision Genesis 17:9-14 JEWISH HISTORY Prefigures the Gospel Hebrews 9:8-28
The New Covenant
.. Proclaimed to Abraham Genesis 12:3 JEWISH HISTORY Dated in prophecy Daniel 9:24-17 JEWISH HISTORY Fulfilled in Christ Luke 1:68-79
Ratified by His Blood Hebrew 9:11-23
Remembered in the Lord's Supper 1 Corinthians 11:25
Called Everlasting Hebrew 13:20
Testament.....A Will or Covenant
.. Descriptive of a person's will Hebrew 9: 15-17 ALL NEW TESTAMENT New Covenant Matthew 26:28 New Testament Dispensation 2 Corinthians 3:6 New is Superior Hebrew 8: 6-13
- There are three (3) divisions of the Old Testament: The Law, The Prophets, and The Writings.
- God revealed in the Old Testament through His Prophets.
- God revealed in the New Testament through His Son, Jesus Christ.
- Hebrews 1:1-3 : ...."God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, (2) Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; (3) Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purges our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.
- II Cor. 5:17: ...."Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature; old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new."
COVENANT ---Sacred --- .. Binding Joshua 9: 18-20; Ezekial 17: 14-18 and Galatians 3:15 JEWISH HISTORY AND NEW TESTAMENT Binding, not only on those who make them, but on those who are represented Deuteronomy 29:14,15 JEWISH HISTORY Blood of the Covenant Exodus 24:8 JEWISH HISTORY The Mosaic Law called the Covenant Exodus 34:28 JEWISH HISTORY
THE SECOND COVENANT --- Jer. 31:31-34 --- "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more."
HEBREWS 8:4-13 --- "For if he were on Earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the Law; who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle; for , See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: And they shall not teach every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: For all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. In that he saith, A new covenant he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away."
HEBREWS 12:18 --- "For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, (19) And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more: (20) For they could not endure that which was commanded. And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart: (21) And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake: (22) But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the City of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels: (23) To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the Spirits of just men made perfect: (24) And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things that that of Abel."
HEBREWS 13:20 --- "Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant."
THE OLD AND THE NEW COVENANTS CONTRASTED
HEBREWS 8:1-14 --- "Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the showbread; which is called the sanctuary. And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; and over it the cherubim's of glory shadowing the mercy seat; forwhich we cannot now speak particularly. Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing there service of God. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing; which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the unclean, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?"
THE SACRIFICE OF CHRIST ESTABLISHES THE NEW COVENANT
HEBREWS 9:15-28 --- "And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; for then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world; but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall appear the second time without sin unto salvation."
THE FAILURE OF THE OLD COVENANT
HEBREWS 10:1-18 --- "For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. For then would they not have ceased to be offered? Because that theGod's Covenant Agreement With Man worshipers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins. Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me; in burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me) to do thy will, O God. Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offering and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; but this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; from henceforth, expecting till his enemies be made his footstool, this is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; and their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin."
II COR. 3:14-15 --- "But their minds were blinded; for until this day remaineth the same veil untaken away in the reading of the Old Testament; which veil is done away in Christ. But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the veil is upon their hearts."
(see 2 COR. 3:1-18)
Jesus is our guarantee of a better agreement....HEBREWS 7:22 --- "By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament."
The allegory of Hagar and Sarah.....GALATIONS 4:21-31 --- "Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was made by promise. Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the Mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Hagar. For this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children that she which hath a husband. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free."
GALATIONS 3:12-26 --- "And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise. Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid; for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that theGod's Covenant Agreement With Man promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus."
GOD'S COVENANT WITH ABRAHAM.... GAL. 3:6-18 --- "Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through the faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, in thee shall all nations be blessed. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident; for, the just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith; but, the man that doeth them shall live in them. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, and to seeds, as of many; but as of one, and to thy seek, which is Christ. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that is should make the promise of none effect. for if the inheritance by of the law, it is no more of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise."
CONCERNING CHRIST IN THE OLD TESTAMENT---- LUKE 24:27 --- "And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself." LUKE 24:44..."And he said unto them, these are the words which I spake unto you, while of Moses and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me."